Are your orchids no longer blooming? With these tips, you can stimulate exotic beauties to produce new flowers.
Why are my orchids no longer blooming? This question comes up again and again when the flower stems of the exotic beauties remain bare. You have to know that the flowering period varies from species to species. Each orchid blooms once, but some bloom twice a year. If an orchid does not develop new flower stems for more than a year, this can have several causes.
It may be because the plant is too warm or too dark, that it has been over-fertilized or over-watered. Your orchid may be in the dormant phase after an intensive flowering period, which is the case with many species in winter. However, if you follow these tips, you can stimulate your orchids to produce new flowers.
Tip 1: Bring orchids to bloom by pruning them back
Butterfly orchids (Phalaenopsis), one of the world’s most popular indoor plants, can be brought back to bloom with a very simple measure. The following applies in particular to this species: Below the dead shoots lie dormant eyes. As soon as the last flower on the stem has wilted, cut back the shoot directly above one eye, which can be seen as a small thickening, with clean scissors.
After around three months, a new flower panicle often sprouts from this dormant bud. So that the shoot does not become too long, the stem is shortened to about mid-height directly above the second or third eye. Then place the moth orchid a little cooler. During the resting phase, it hardly needs any water and also gets by with less light.
Tip 2: place orchids optimally
In general, orchids need a lot of light to flower. In dark locations neither growth nor flower formation is possible. In the winter months, in early spring and late autumn, a location near the south window is recommended for most orchids. From April to mid-September, however, you should think about adequate shading during the day and move the plants about 40 centimeters away from the window – otherwise, sunburn can occur.
Orchids need enough light for their flowers to develop optimally
In the case of the Phalaenopsis, windows facing south can accelerate flower formation by two to three months. With many Cattleya orchids and Vanda orchids, for example, there may be two flowering times per year at a bright window in the bathroom, where there is high humidity.
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Tip 3: Bring orchids to bloom with a cold stimulus
If your orchids no longer bloom, it could not only be due to a lack of light, but also to the wrong ambient temperature. Moth orchids, for example, love it warm and feel comfortable during the day at temperatures of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius and high humidity. To stimulate particularly rotten orchids, the plants are temporarily placed in a cooler room, for example in the bedroom or guest room. New flowers should appear after two months at a temperature of 15 to 16 degrees Celsius. In the case of Cymbidium orchids, the flowering time is particularly dependent on the temperature. During the budding stage, they absolutely need a cold stimulus and must be kept below 14 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, the buds will fall off.
Tip 4: water and fertilize orchids properly
Orchids need regular fertilizers to bloom abundantly. For example, add some liquid fertilizer to the water when diving
Correct watering of the orchids is also important for healthy, vigorous growth and successful flower formation. For watering – or better diving – room temperature, lime-free water is best. With a wooden stick, you can check in advance whether there is still residual moisture in the substrate or whether it has to be watered. A regular, weakly concentrated fertilization of the orchids during the growth phase is also decisive for the flowering of the plants.
If orchids are not fertilized enough, growth stagnates and the flowers fail to appear. Depending on the species, one to two milliliters of liquid orchid fertilizer is added to the immersion water every two weeks, so that the plants can be optimally supplied with nutrients. You must fertilize regularly during the growth phase – this will keep your orchids healthy and produce plenty of flowers.
Orchid species such as the popular moth orchid (Phalaenopsis) differ significantly from other indoor plants in terms of their care requirements.