Leaf plants provide fresh green in the apartment and improve the indoor climate. Here you will find design tips and information on proper care.
Foliage plants are green plants that have no or only very inconspicuous flowers. Leaf plants for the home are usually also characterized by particularly beautiful leaf patterns, leaf colors, or leaf shapes and, as so-called decorative leaf plants, have an extremely decorative effect. On top of that, foliage plants are usually very useful: They improve the indoor climate, increase the humidity, bind dust, and generally reduce the number of pollutants in the air. Quite apart from the fact that the green roommates ensure a good mood and bring lively green into the living space. Because: Leaf plants fit practically every style of living and fit naturally into the interior.
Design with foliage plants
The choice of planter plays an important role when designing with foliage plants: depending on the pot, they develop their own unique effect. You can, for example, place them in a tall, slim pot directly on the floor or distribute them in color-coordinated bowls like decorative objects in the room. As green curtains, climbing plants such as ivy, column, and waxflower let their shoots hang down picturesquely from the ceiling, from columns, cupboards, or shelves. Ferns unfold their fronds in picture frames on walls. Some leafy plants such as the graceful Tillandsia do not need substrate or pots and can be used as vertical gardens, wall decorations, or dangling freely from the ceiling. In terracotta or wicker pots, leafy plants look grounded and as natural as in a bed.
Colorful foliage plants
Striking foliage plants bring color into the living room even without flowers
If leafy plants in pure green tones are too boring for the home, it is best to use variegated and variegated species such as king begonia, mosaic plant, colorwork, or basket marante. With colorful leaf veins, silvery drawings, and colored patterns, these bring variety to the green of the room. However, when it comes to combinations, the following principle applies: less is more! Carefully coordinated, muted colors emphasize the special features of the plants instead of competing with them. The larger and more unusual the leaves are, the more spectacular their individual effects. This is why extraordinary leafy plants like the leafy begonia (Begonia rex hybrid) with their twisted leaves are best shown off in isolation and front of a calm, light background.
In the mosaic plant (Fittonia), white veins cover the leaf base with an attractive mesh pattern
Choice of location
The foliage plants only grow evenly in the right location and develop their full-color effect in the home. In general, the darker the leaf, the less light the plant needs. The variegated and variegated species appreciate a very bright place in the house. However, direct sunlight usually causes the leaves to dry out and bleach – leaf patterns could fade and the leaves green. Only succulents such as aloe, thick leaf, or bottle tree, which store water in their leaves or trunks, prefer places in full sun.
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Proper care of foliage plants
Most foliage plants are more forgiving of temporary lack of water than waterlogging. Regular fertilizers – except in winter – let them grow lush and give them strength and vitality. Most foliage plants do not tolerate cold and drafts. Regular showering or wiping the leaves will keep dust out. By caring for the leaves, the plant not only looks more beautiful, but it can also “breathe” better: If the leaves are dirty, the light absorption is reduced, which harms the growth and vitality of the leaf plant.
Many leaf plants such as house fern, ivy, and weeping fig appreciate a relatively high level of humidity and should therefore be regularly sprayed with low-lime, room-warm water, especially in winter. Low in lime because you avoid leaving unsightly lime stains on the leaves. This is particularly recommended for large-leaved foliage plants such as the monstera. Caution: Plants with soft and hairy leaves, very dense foliage, or leaf rosettes are not sprayed. They tend to be lazy.
Does dust always deposit pretty quickly on the leaves of your large-leaved houseplants? With this trick, you can get it clean again very quickly – and all you need is a banana peel.
Credit: MSG / Camera + Editing: Marc Wilhelm / Sound: Annika Gnädig
The different types of dragon trees (Dracaena) are among the most popular foliage plants for the home and are also wonderfully easy to care for. The sometimes upright, sometimes overhanging lanceolate leaves are dark green or multicolored with a mostly green base tone and a white, yellow or red edge. The dark variants of the dragon tree are particularly suitable for the slightly less light corners of the apartment. Dracaena is not a fan of direct sun, but it still needs a consistently warm location, the temperatures of which do not fall below 18 degrees Celsius even in winter.
The colorwork or caladia is a splendid foliage plant for the home
The colorwork or Kaladie (Caladium bicolor) is somewhat sensitive to unfavorable locations. She likes it warm and prefers high humidity without direct sunlight. The surface of the earth should dry out again and again before the next watering, but the leaves should be sprayed daily. Caution: the birthwort is poisonous for many pets such as dogs, cats, rodents, and birds!
The single leaf (Spathiphyllum wallisii) is also one of the leafy plants – the elegant white flowers are actually not flowers, but colored bracts. The flowers of the single leaf consist of the inconspicuous cobs in the middle of the bracts. The leaf plant, also known as the leaf flag or sheath leaf, also gets by with pleasantly little light and is therefore also suitable for darker apartments: The plant particularly likes to stand by the north window. The single leaf is also suitable for hydroponics.
Colored nettles (Solenostemon scutellarioides) offer countless leaf and color variations: red, brown, pink or light green, bordered, striped, spotted – the species is incredibly diverse and sets exciting accents, even in window boxes or flower beds in summer
Few plants are equally suitable for the windowsill, the balcony, and the bed. The colored nettle (Solenostemon scutellarioides) is one of them. Its multi-faceted, velvety leaves show a rich color spectrum from yellow to green to red. The foliage plants like to be in the sunlight, but then need a lot of water because their root ball should never dry out. It reacts quickly to a lack of light or water by throwing leaves.
The green, green-white or green-yellow striped green lily (Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’) is a fresh, very robust and, if properly cared for, fast-growing plant with a dense tuft of leaves, which is particularly effective in higher vessels in which the leaves are picturesque can overhang. The children of the leaf plant can be rooted very easily so that the green lily can also be propagated well by laypeople through its offshoots. The green lily is particularly suitable for lowering the formaldehyde concentration in the room air.