If you want to keep the heating costs for the winter garden as low as possible during the cold season, you will find the most important tips for saving energy here.
On sunny winter days, the temperature in the winter garden rises quickly and warms the adjacent rooms, but on cloudy days and at night you have to heat it because it reacts quickly to temperature fluctuations. Large conservatories in particular quickly become energy wasters, even if they are equipped with heat-insulating glass. With our energy-saving tips, you can keep heating costs down.
How much heat is necessary for the winter garden?
The costs for heating oil and gas are high. You don’t want to spend unnecessary energy on the winter garden, a room that you don’t spend too often in winter. Optimally placed winter gardens on the south side of the house capture heat and heat other rooms. Winter gardens facing north are in the permanent shade of the house and are therefore energy guzzlers. Glazing with a high thermal protection factor can keep the energy requirement in check, as can the right choice of plants. Find species that match the planned average temperature of your conservatory. The plants must not ask for more heat than you would like to heat.
If a winter garden is used as winter quarters for frost-sensitive potted plants, it should not be permanently heated to room temperature
Choose suitable plants for the winter garden
For the planting of your winter garden, choose only those plants that will thrive even if you have little or no heating. Every degree more heat in winter causes additional energy costs. Only those who want to use their winter garden as a living space all year round can cultivate tropical plants in it that need permanently 18 degrees or more. Keeping the entire winter garden warmer because of some heat-loving plants (for example hibiscus) is not worthwhile and is also not necessary, as these only need about 15 degrees for wintering. In addition, the risk of pest infestation increases with higher temperatures.
If glass cultivation is not used at all in winter, you should only place plants there that can tolerate light frost. Instead, place very sensitive plants in living spaces that are warmer. Alternatively, you can wrap individual plants that are sensitive to the cold. Bubble wrap around the pots, styrofoam sheets underneath, and fleece covers around the branches or leaves means that the plants can withstand temperatures that are a few degrees lower and can stay in cooler conservatories.
How much a winter garden needs to be heated in winter depends on the plants that grow in it
How should you heat in the winter garden?
In most conservatories, you can get by with simple heating devices if you just want to keep them frost-free. So-called frost monitors are operated with electricity or gas and controlled by a temperature sensor that activates the device when the temperature falls below a minimum. A fan usually distributes the heated air.
For permanent heating, the winter garden should be heated with the help of a radiator that is connected to the house heating system. Depending on the construction, the winter garden has a significantly higher energy requirement than an enclosed space. It should be possible to control radiators in the conservatory separately so that in the event of a night setback, the heating system does not start when the heating in the conservatory calls for heat. The water-filled radiators also need a minimum temperature of four degrees Celsius, as frost can destroy the water pipes. Underfloor heating is ideal for warm plants, but the heat from below increases the rate of evaporation and requires more frequent watering. This type of conservatory heating is out of the question for plants that need a resting phase in winter.
An electric frost monitor prevents plants from freezing to death in greenhouses or smaller conservatories, but it can drive up electricity costs
Store warmth in the winter garden
Captured solar energy can be kept longer in the winter garden using so-called storage media such as special heat storage walls or larger water basins. Plan for such long-term storage systems when you are building them. Special thermal insulation glazing ensures that as little energy as possible escapes.
Correct ventilation in the winter garden
Even if you want to save energy: You shouldn’t do without daily ventilation. Because: In stagnant air, harmful fungal spores can nestle and multiply in your plants more easily. Therefore, use the warmest time of the day to ventilate the winter garden briefly but vigorously. When ventilating, open the windows only briefly, but fully, and ensure there is a draft. This means that air is exchanged more quickly without the heat-storing elements in the winter garden cooling down too much. Regular ventilation is also necessary to prevent the air humidity from increasing and moisture from building up on the glass walls.
When planning a winter garden, sufficient ventilation options should be considered
Sun protection is essential for a winter garden. The incident light and thus the heating can be controlled through targeted shading. If the sun is shining intensively on the winter garden, we recommend shading the outside with blinds so that the heat does not even get into the glass extension. On the other hand, interior shading keeps the warmth in the conservatory longer on cool days or nights.
How can you save energy in the winter garden?
- Place the winter garden on the south side of the house
- Use glazing with a high thermal protection factor
- Choose the right plants for the desired temperature
- Radiators should be controllable separately
- Only ventilate briefly but completely