You can grow your own litchi plant from the core of litchi in just a few months. Here you can find out how the ornate exotic species can be multiplied.
Have you ever wondered if you can plant lychee? In fact, it’s worth not throwing it away after enjoying the exotic fruits. Because with the right preparation you can grow your own lychee plant from lychee. In our stores, the sweet, aromatic fruits from the subtropical lychee tree (Litchi chinensis) are usually available from November to March. To be able to use them for propagation, you should pay attention to the freshest, fully ripe lychees with intact, red-brown skin when shopping.
Planting lychees: the most important things in brief
Only use kernels from fresh, fully ripe fruits. Clean the lychees and soak them in warm water before placing them about two inches deep in a pot of low-nutrient potting soil. Place the container in a warm, bright place with high humidity and keep the substrate evenly moist. Germination occurs after two to three weeks.
Planting lychees: the preparation
The rough, red-brown skin of the lychees is thin and brittle. It can be opened easily with your fingers
Before sowing, first remove the rough, red skin of the lychees. Underneath is the aromatic, white pulp: carefully peel it off with a knife without damaging the shiny, black, or dark brown core. Wash the stone thoroughly under lukewarm water and make sure that the pulp no longer sticks to it.
The litchi core is then “pickled” in warm water to promote germination: it is placed in water at 50 degrees Celsius for about 20 minutes. Then you put it horizontally in a pot with loose, nutrient-poor potting soil and cover it about two centimeters high with the substrate.
Growing the litchi plant: step by step
Place the cultivation container with the litchi core in a warm place: the ideal germination temperature is between 22 and 25 degrees Celsius. It is best to keep the substrate evenly moist with a sprayer – it must not dry out, but also not be permanently wet. To guarantee consistently high temperatures as well as high humidity, cultivation in a mini greenhouse or under a transparent hood is ideal. Open the cover daily to prevent mold from forming.
Lychee young plants love a bright, warm place and high humidity
The lychees should germinate within two to three weeks. For the young plants to develop vigorously, they need a lot of light – but no direct sunlight. Otherwise, the shoot tips can dry out quickly. The location should be protected from drafts and have temperatures above 20 degrees Celsius.
To ensure high humidity, it is advisable to regularly spray the plants with water that is low in lime. As soon as the first correct pair of leaves has developed after one to two months, the seedlings can move to a larger container.
By the way: The foliage is copper-colored when it shoots and only later turns a shiny green.
Further care of the litchi plant
When the evergreen lychee plants have developed vigorously after a few months, they can be moved to a sunnier place. In summer they also thrive in a warm place outdoors; in winter, like other potted plants, they are better spent in a bright, cool area at around 12 to 15 degrees Celsius. For further care, please note that the exotics have a very high water requirement.
Since they grow relatively slowly, however, they only need moderate amounts of fertilizer – every two to four weeks during the growth phase. If the lychee trees feel good all around, they can develop into man-high specimens. Unfortunately, fruits are not to be expected from us – instead, the plants are adorned with shiny leaves.