There is little space for plants in many living spaces. But they do exist, the large, airy living rooms, winter gardens, offices, and entrance halls that offer enough space for really large indoor plants.
Small plants in a large room look puny and forlorn. Where high ceilings and open spaces dominate the room, indoor plants are an important design element to bring life and color. And the air quality, especially in the office, can only get better with large indoor plants. However, anyone who has a lot of space to green is faced with the problem that large plants are usually very expensive in retail. Transporting large and heavy potted plants from the shop to the installation site is also a major feat.
It is, therefore, easier to choose plants that, with the right care, develop quickly and grow on their own. This saves money and you can drag the plant exactly as you need it in the appropriate place. We have put together a selection of the best indoor plants for you, which can quickly grow in height or width and create a great green space within a few months.
An overview of beautiful, large indoor plants
- Date Palms (Phoenix)
- Figs (Ficus)
- Window leaf (Monstera deliciosa)
- Banana trees (Musa basjoo)
- Yucca palms (Yucca elephantipes)
- Bow hemp (Sansevieria trifasciata)
- Linden tree (Sparmannia africana)
Large houseplants are great interior designers
In light and warm rooms, palm trees (Arecaceae) is the first choice when it comes to expansive indoor plants. The Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis), like the real date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), forms an impressive head of large, feathery, overhanging fronds, which it stretches elegantly in all directions. Over the years, date palms develop an attractive trunk that allows the plants to grow taller. Choose a location in full sun for a date palm and a well-drained substrate in a wide planter. Tip: Palms should always be kept slightly moist and sprayed regularly with water that is low in lime to avoid brown leaf tips.
From the genus figs (Ficus) come three plants that are ideal for greening large spaces: the weeping fig (Ficus benjamin), the violin fig (Ficus lyrata), and the rubber tree (Ficus elastica). All three plants are extremely easy to care for and can be grown in practically any size from bonsai to large trees. Figs are extremely fast-growing and prefer a location that is not in the blazing sun, as their leathery leaves burn easily. Figs should be padded with foliage fertilizer between March and September.
Repotting is about every two years. Regular pruning allows the weeping fig, in particular, to grow nice and dense. But be careful: figs secrete sticky, latex-containing plant sap when the leaves and twigs are damaged. Therefore, the trees are best to cut outdoors or on a base. Choose the location so that your Ficus can stay there for as long as possible. Because the large indoor plants like to stand firmly in place and react to changes in their location by shedding their leaves.
Weeping figs are gaining popularity again as houseplants
If you want a large-leaved, decorative plant for the interior, the window leaf (Monstera deliciosa) is well advised. The house plant, which grows up to three meters high, is characterized by its 50 centimeters long, shield-shaped dark green or variegated leaves that are decoratively slotted or windowed, which makes the plant look elegant despite the large leaves. Choose a spacious, bright but not full sun place for the Monstera and only water enough so that the substrate does not dry out completely. If the window leaf is repotted every year, you will soon have a stately houseplant.
The window leaf grows both tall and wide
It gets really exotic in the bright office, the winter garden, or the foyer with a banana tree (Musa basjoo) in the bucket. It is the star among the large indoor plants because it can grow up to four meters high in the right place and with its large leaves on long stems it spreads a real tropical flair. Bananas are thirsty and have to be watered regularly with low-lime water so that the root ball is always slightly damp, and the banana also devours plenty of fertilizer. The fast-growing perennial is best given a larger planter every two years. The common cultivars ‘Nana’ or ‘Sakhalin’ and ‘Sapporo’ remain somewhat smaller than the wild form with a height of around three meters, but they also grow more slowly.
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Yucca palms (Yucca elephantipes), also known as palm lilies, do not belong botanically to the palms, but the asparagus family. This plant genus presents some species that are well suited for indoor maintenance, which quickly grow into large indoor plants and, thanks to their long, pointed leaves, make a great green space. Caring for them is very easy: Seldom watering (calcareous) and little fertilizer are sufficient for the frugal palm lily. It even tolerates dry room air. A light location is good for the yucca.
Yuccas are the long-running big houseplants
Those who want to green narrow, high corners and niches or who do not like to be tickled by a leafy plant in the neck can use the bow hemp (Sansevieria trifasciata) as a large indoor plant. It belongs to the dragon tree family and is a succulent plant that comes from the desert. Its long, fleshy leaves grow upright and are attractively banded with light and dark bands. The desert plant likes to be very warm and bright and should have a permeable substrate.
It seldom has to be watered, as the plant is better off dryness than wetness. As a fertilizer, the bow hemp prefers cactus fertilizer or low-dose green plant fertilizer. The ideal plant pot for Sansevieria is flat but wide so that the wide rhizome can branch out well. The species Sansevieria cylindrica resembles huge blades of grass in its growth and can be used as a room divider when planted in rows.
Room linden tree
A lesser-known container plant that makes a real impression in large rooms is the house linden (Sparmannia africana). Their tree-like growth is a great sight in high rooms. Its leaves are up to eight inches wide and angular-heart-shaped with a serrated edge. Unlike most large indoor plants, the room linden tree prefers to be a little cooler at 15 to 18 degrees Celsius on an east or west window.
If the location is correct and the humidity is high, you can even see flowers on the linden tree. Provide the room linden tree with plenty of water and, during the growth phase, with fertilizer every week. If it is repotted in spring every year, you can avoid that the fast-growing plant suddenly tips over in a pot that is too small. If the plant has grown too big, it can easily be cut back.
This is how indoor plants grow up quickly
Regular repotting allows indoor plants to grow faster
A container plant necessarily adapts its dimensions to the space available at the roots. So if it is in a small pot, the plant will not get above a certain height. If you want a houseplant that will grow up quickly, you have to provide it with a sufficiently large plant pot. For stable and dense growth, it is better to repot the container plant every year than to give it a pot that is much too large from the start. Place the plant in a warm and bright place. This meets the needs of the indoor plants, which mostly come from hot countries. Drawn and dark locations are unsuitable for large indoor plants.
Water the plant regularly, but avoid waterlogging, because most tropical plants cope much better with drought than with permanent moisture. The more balanced and rich the nutrient supply, the better and faster the plant will thrive. A consistent fertilizer supply is therefore essential for large, fast-growing plants. But be careful! Do not exaggerate! Palms and succulents in particular only need very small doses and suffer greatly from over-fertilization. You should therefore add fertilizer to the irrigation water regularly but in a well-dosed manner. Check your houseplants regularly for pests and take action at an early stage, because fighting advanced infestation is often difficult, especially with large plants.