Indoor plants can pose a health risk to humans and animals. We introduce you to 11 non-toxic indoor plants that you can safely place in your home.
There are also several poisonous species among houseplants. However, toxicity for humans only plays a role if small children and animals live in the household. Above all, anyone who owns such plants should keep them out of the reach of children.
Poisonous houseplants should also be inaccessible to cats – but this is difficult in individual cases because the climbers can easily reach every window sill. Cats like to nibble on houseplants because the plant material makes it easier for hairballs to pass through the gastrointestinal tract.
Children prefer to explore their surroundings through smell, feel and taste – small children in particular simply put many things in their mouths because they still have to learn what is edible and what is not. So that, in case of doubt, there is no damage to health in the first place, you should use non-toxic indoor plants when furnishing your new home. Here we introduce you to eleven suitable plants.
These 11 houseplants are non-toxic
1. Hibiscus (Hibiscus)
The attractive flowering plant does not contain any poisonous parts of the plant and is therefore harmless to humans and animals. As a decorative houseplant, hibiscus is best placed in light but not in the blazing sun. The funnel-like flowers appear from March to October. The flowers of some species can also be processed into hibiscus tea and lemonade.
2. Money tree (Crassula ovata)
The popular money tree has thick, richly branched shoots on which round, glossy green, often red-edged leaves sit. White flowers only appear with age. As a succulent plant, the plant has the ability to store water supplies in its leaves – thus the money tree is also an ideal, non-toxic houseplant for people who travel a lot and therefore cannot water their plants regularly.
3. Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis)
The Canary Island date palm does not contain any toxins and is therefore harmless to humans and animals. The large, leathery fronds bring a tropical flair to your home. Date palms, however, need a lot of space and as bright a location as possible – a winter garden is ideal.
The dwarf date palm is ideal for planting in pots because of its low height
4. Slipper flower (Calceolaria)
The slipper flower blooms yellow and orange from May to October. It prefers a bright, rather cool location. The slipper flower is also a non-toxic houseplant for humans and animals.
5. Basket Marante (Calathea)
The basket marante is a distinctive leaf ornament from the tropical rainforests of Brazil. With us, it can be kept as an exotic houseplant with a little skill. It is non-toxic and can therefore safely decorate the windowsill in every household. It prefers sunny places with relatively high temperatures.
Calathea, Korbmarante (Calathea makoyana)
6. Golden fruit palm (Dypsis lutescens)
Like most palms, the golden fruit palm is also not poisonous. It is an elegant specimen plant for the room. The fronds sit on thin stems, which always sit together in several and thus make the plant look very lush. The golden fruit palm likes bright locations without direct sunlight.
7. Stick palm (Rhapis excelsa)
The stick palm, also known as the rod palm, is not only easy to care for and particularly decorative but also non-toxic. Water the plant vigorously in summer, but only so much in winter that the root ball does not dry out completely.
8. Dwarf palm (Chamaerops)
The dwarf palm is also a non-toxic houseplant. But be careful: it has sharp thorns. The fronds are bluish-green and deeply slit. The dwarf palm prefers to be light to sunny and warm.
9. Banana plant (Musa)
The banana plant is also non-toxic to humans and animals. The location should be bright to full sun all year round. Even the midday sun in summer is well tolerated by indoor plants. Banana plants grow best in a warm environment with high humidity and are therefore ideal conservatory plants.
Wonderfully exotic: Kentia palms for the room
10. Kentia palm (Howea forsteriana)
The Kentia palm, also called paradise palm, is ideal as a non-toxic houseplant for families with children and pets. Since it is very easy to care for, the palm is also ideal for beginners. The Kentia palm was a popular plant, especially at the turn of the century, and has not lost its popularity to this day.
11. Chinese hemp palm (Trachycarpus fortunei)
The Chinese hemp palm is a non-toxic houseplant, but its leaves are quite sharp. The evergreen fan palm is visually very attractive and robust, but occasionally scale insects and mealybugs appear. Extreme dryness of the air leads to dry leaf tips in the non-toxic palms.
Oleander (Nerium oleander) is poisonous for humans and animals. Stems and leaves, but also flowers and fruits of the popular houseplant are harmful. The consumption of the plant parts can lead to vomiting, pain in the abdomen, and dizziness in humans. In cats, nibbling on the poisonous house and patio plants can even in the worst case lead to cardiac paralysis and thus death.
The yucca palm contains saponins, which can cause health problems in small children and animals
The yucca (yucca) is also poisonous. The plant forms so-called saponins in its leaves and trunk. In nature, the substances serve to ward off predators and fungi. In small children and animals, however, saponins can cause inflammation and other ailments. Care should be taken when caring for plants because of the sharp-edged leaves.
The Madagascar palm (Pachypodium lamerei) is not a real palm: It is assigned to the succulents and belongs to the dog poison family (Apocynaceae). Like almost all species of the family mentioned, the plants are poisonous for humans and animals, in all parts of the plant. The sap that escapes from the parts of the plant when it is cut is particularly toxic. Do not place the Madagascar palm in the immediate reach of children and animals.
Cycads (Cycadales) is just as toxic to dogs and cats as it is to humans. The seeds and roots of the plant are particularly dangerous. Poisoning is manifested by nausea, stomach discomfort, and – in the case of more severe poisoning – bloody diarrhea.