The bow hemp looks ornate and is very easy to care for – you really like to have this houseplant around. Propagation is also very easy, whether by leaf cuttings or offshoots.
The easy-care bow hemp is currently extremely popular. What many do not know: It can also be easily propagated by leaf cuttings – all you need is a little patience.
All types and varieties of bow hemp can be easily propagated yourself. Leaf cuttings or plant cuttings are particularly suitable for this purpose. Just try it out! Dry heating air is not a problem for the bow hemp (Sansevieria), which is sometimes disrespectfully called “mother-in-law’s tongue” because of its pointed leaves. Where many other houseplants have long since given up the sails, it feels right at home without much care and enriches the room with its timeless, clear lines.
In a nutshell: Increase bow hemp
- By leaf cuttings: A leaf is separated from the mother plant and divided. The pieces are then dried and placed in suitable soil.
- By cuttings: Look for suitable cuttings at the root of the mother plant that will separate from the main plant. These are separated and planted in a new pot.
- Use cactus or succulent soil and place the cuttings or cuttings in a warm, bright place out of direct sunlight so that they can grow successfully.
Propagating bow hemp: which substrate is the right one?
For the bow hemp, it is best to use a special substrate that is low in nutrients. In the case of the Sansevieria, which belongs to the succulents, cactus soil is particularly suitable for a mixture of house plant soil and sand in a ratio of 3: 1. The bow hemp forms an extensive root system only with the right substrate because the plant really has to search for nutrients and in doing so extend its feelers – i.e. roots – into the whole pot. The more nutrients the substrate contains, the worse the rooting will take place. Only later is the young bow hemp transplanted into the soil with more nutrients. In every phase, however, the substrate must have a high pore volume and be free of silt, so that damaging waterlogging cannot occur in the soil.
Propagating bow hemp by leaf cuttings: step by step
Would you like to delight not only yourself but also family and friends with a small bow hemp plant? Then leaf cuttings are the best way to do it! The Sansevieria has the ability to develop new vegetation points and roots after a leaf have been severed or damaged. We will show you step by step how you can propagate your bow hemp by cuttings and give tips for care afterward.
A separate sheet of sheet hemp
To propagate the bow hemp, first cut off one or more leaves from the mother plant with a sharp knife or scissors directly above the ground. This is possible all year round. Make sure that the blade is as clean as possible so that no pathogens get into the wound.
Cut the sheet
Then each leaf is divided into at least five centimeters long pieces, but they can also be twice as long. Two little tips: If you bevel the underside a little when cutting the leaf cuttings, it will be easier for you to check the direction of growth later when potting. If you have a fiber pen at hand, you can simply draw small arrows on the leaves – they then show where the bottom is.
Let the interfaces dry
Before the sections are put into the ground, the interfaces should first air dry for a few days. How long you should wait also depends on the leaf thickness and thus on the type of bow hemp used. The thinner the leaves, the shorter the drying time.
Fill the pot with cactus soil
Place potsherds on the drainage holes of the pot and pour in a thin layer of clay granules as drainage. The drainage prevents waterlogging, which is harmful to the plants. Now the pot can be filled with soil. Cactus or succulent soil is best suited for the cuttings. Alternatively, you can also use a mixture of house plant soil and clay granules or coarse sand in a ratio of 3: 1.
Insert the sections about three inches deep into the ground. If you arrange them closely in a herringbone pattern in the nursery pot, you can accommodate most potential young plants in a space-saving manner. The side that was already facing down during the waxing should be put back into the substrate like this.
Place the cuttings in a bright place and care for them
Find a bright location. However, the cuttings of the bow hemp should not be exposed to direct sun during the growth phase. The plants grow well at a propagation temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, later it can be a little cooler. And now it’s time to wait! It can take a few weeks, sometimes even months, for roots to form. The following applies to care: You should be careful with watering during this time, the bow hemp children are very sensitive to moisture. The substrate is allowed to dry off the surface from time to time – after all, the bow hemp belongs to the succulents.
By the way: Unfortunately, this method of propagation only works with green Sansevieria species. Plants with a yellow or white border lose their pattern.
You can propagate these bow hemp species with leaf cuttings
How can you get offshoots from bow hemp?
Your bow hemp has gotten too big or you want to turn one plant into two? Then sharing is a great way to multiply. The reproduction campaign is most successful in spring or when the bow hemp needs to be repotted anyway, because, for example, the roots of the bow hemp threaten to blow up the bucket. This method is also suitable for patterned species such as the Sansevieria trifasciata, with variegated varieties the color and pattern are retained.
First, carefully remove the bow hemp from its growth vessel. You can carefully shake off loose soil. If the root network is very dense, you pull the roots apart with feeling. Often you can now see daughter rosettes or offshoots that set themselves apart from the main plant. Now you divide the mother plant, you can use a clean knife. Then plant each piece of bow hemp in a new pot with the appropriate growing medium. A warm and bright location without direct sunlight is also promising.
Tip: With bow hemp with very long leaves, there is a risk that it and the growing container will tip over. Here it makes sense to fill in some heavier stones at the bottom of the pot before repotting, to move the center of gravity downwards.
Maintaining bow hemp: 5 expert tips
The bow hemp is quite tough – nonetheless, you should take your preferences into account when caring for it. If you heed these tips, the houseplant will feel completely at home with you. Learn more