Aloe vera was already valued in ancient times for its healing sap. We explain how you can easily propagate the medicinal plant at home and grow new plants.
Anyone who cultivates the aloe vera as a pot or container plant in the room, on the balcony, or terrace, often wishes to multiply the medicinal plant. Particularly practical in this regard: Aloe vera forms children or roots at the age of two to three years. The easiest way to multiply the succulent plant is to cut off these runners. So you can easily get young aloe vera plants for free. Propagation by sowing seeds or planting the fleshy leaves as cuttings is also possible. In the following, we present the different methods.
If the plant cuttings are at least five centimeters long and have their own roots, they can be carefully separated from the mother plant.
Propagate aloe vera by sowing
Aloe vera can easily be grown from seeds. Spring, with its mild temperatures and good lighting conditions, is recommended as the time to sow the plants. Fill small pots with high-quality sowing or potting soil and scatter the seeds. Just put a little extra soil on top and carefully water the seeds with a fine showerhead. Alternatively, you can also place the pots in bowls filled with water.
Then place the vessels in a warm, bright place, for example on the window sill or in a small greenhouse. If you put the pots in a mini greenhouse or keep them under the foil, ensure good ventilation every day. As soon as the plants become stronger and you can grab the seedlings with two fingers, the aloe vera is pricked out, that is, transferred individually into pots. High-quality cactus or succulent soil is suitable as a substrate for young plants. Tip for aloe care: Keep the soil around the plants evenly moist, but not too wet. Waterlogging quickly leads to rot in the aloe!
How do you propagate aloe vera from cuttings?
If you already have an older aloe vera, you can propagate the plant with leaf cuttings. In principle, cuttings can be propagated at any time – however, the best time to grow is in spring. To do this, cut off a well-developed side shoot (one of the long leaves) of the aloe vera from the mother plant with a sharp, clean knife. Important: Aloe vera cuttings are very prone to putrefaction due to their water-rich tissue. Therefore, the cut surfaces of the succulents should be allowed to dry well before planting them in sandy soil.
Then the leaf cuttings are inserted one to two centimeters deep into the substrate and lightly pressed. They can be attached to bars so that longer specimens do not fall over. Before watering the new plants, you should wait until the roots form. You can recognize the adequate formation of roots by good growth. When the root of the cuttings pot is well established, you can put the aloe vera in its final pot.
Propagate aloe vera
Aloe vera can easily be propagated by carefully separating the seedling from the mother plant and placing it in the soil
Aloe vera is particularly easy to propagate using offshoots. However, the succulents are not offshoots in the actual sense, but rather Crown-Times. These are separated from the mother plant and planted. The Crown-Times should already have developed their own roots and be at least two inches long. Remove all of the aloe vera from the pot and carefully separate the children from the mother plant. Let the cut surfaces of the offshoots dry briefly.
Then the young plants are potted in sandy soil and placed in a warm, bright place. To encourage the formation of roots, you can place the vessels in the mini greenhouse for a few days. A cold frame that is covered with a pane of glass is also suitable. Wait about a week before watering the plants – then you can care for the aloe vera as usual. But always give enough water so that the soil does not dry out completely. If you water too much, you make one of the most common mistakes in caring for your aloe vera.
Frequently Asked Questions
When is the best time to propagate the aloe?
You should sow aloe vera in spring. You can take cuttings and offshoots all year round.
Which part of the plant is suitable as a cutting?
As a cutting, cut a medium-sized, fully grown, but not too old side shoots from the mother plant.
What kind of soil does aloe vera need?
Aloe thrives best in special soil for cacti and succulents. But a mixture of earth and sand is also suitable, provided there is good drainage.
Why does the aloe need to dry off before planting?
Aloe vera contains a lot of water. If it is put into the substrate with a fresh, bleeding-cut surface, it quickly begins to rot. Therefore, the cut surface should be able to close before the cutting is inserted.