Propagating succulents yourself is not difficult, although the methods may differ depending on the genus and species. We explain the different approaches.
As varied as the appearance of succulents, so numerous are their possibilities for propagation
If you want to propagate succulents yourself, you have to proceed differently depending on the genus and species. Propagation by seeds, cuttings, or by offshoots / secondary shoots (Kindel) come into question as methods. The best time for this is from spring to summer. For the propagation of succulents, always use high-quality sowing soil or potting soil from specialist shops. It is low in nutrients, structurally stable, and has a high water holding capacity. In addition, it is sterile, which cannot be guaranteed if you put together a mixture yourself. The nursery pots must also be as clean as possible.
In a nutshell: How do you propagate succulents?
Many succulents can be propagated by sowing or cuttings. The easiest way to raise offspring, however, is when succulents develop so-called kindles. These cuttings are detached from the plant, left to dry for a few hours, and then placed in potting soil.
Propagate succulents by sowing
The time it takes for the individual seeds to germinate can vary greatly. We advise you to always use fresh seeds from the previous year when propagating the succulents. Since not all succulents in indoor culture will fruit reliably, you can also fall back on purchased seeds.
Start sowing in spring, when the light conditions are better and the days are getting longer again. Sow the seeds in small pots and press them lightly. Then put some seed compost over it, just a little and preferably in sifted form. Place the pots in a partially shaded location. The seeds of the succulents should never dry out completely until they germinate, but experience has shown that it is better not to water them from above, but to place the pots in bowls filled with water.
The most favorable germination temperature for succulents is between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius (a little cooler at night). They also need high humidity. To do this, we recommend placing the pots in a mini greenhouse or keeping them under foil. The only important thing is that you ventilate daily and remove the cover as soon as the seeds germinate.
Once the seedlings have grown well, the succulents are pricked out in individual pots
Propagate succulents with cuttings
Many succulents can be propagated vegetatively by cuttings, including popular species such as the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera) or the prickly pear (Opuntia). For this purpose, side shoots or individual leaves are separated from the mother plant.
Larger cuttings should be cut to a point at the cut: This prevents the tissue from drying out too much, which makes rooting unnecessarily difficult. When propagating succulents with milky sap, such as various Euphorbia species (spurge family), one proceeds somewhat differently. First of all, you must use gloves to protect yourself from the milky sap that leaks at the interfaces, which can be toxic or at least irritate to the skin.
The cuttings are then immersed in water at 40 degrees Celsius so that the juice coagulates before they are plugged. Basically: Succulent cuttings should first be given some time to dry. Cactus cuttings can even be kept dry until the first roots appear. To do this, place them in a container that is so narrow that they do not touch the bottom at the bottom. They are then placed in pots with potting soil, where they usually take root quickly in warm ambient temperatures. Do not water the plants, water them only when roots have formed.
To multiply the Flaming Cat, you can simply cut off individual leaves
Leaf succulents such as thick leaf (Crassula) or Flaming Käthchen (Kalanchoe) are propagated by leaf cuttings. Use only healthy and fully developed leaves that are not cut off, but broken off or torn off by hand. Let them dry and place the top of the leaves in potting soil. Tip: Interfaces make plants susceptible to disease and should be dusted with a little charcoal powder.
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Propagating succulents: very easy with Kindel
The easiest thing to do is to multiply succulents, which Kindel trains. Kindel is what the botanist calls finished offshoots or side shoots that develop directly on the plant – and can be easily removed. Some even have clearly recognizable roots. Let the children dry for a few hours before placing them in potting soil. More is usually not necessary. This type of reproduction works, for example, with the aloe (bitter head), the zebra haworthie, or the sea urchin cactus (Echinopsis). The Echeveria forms entire daughter rosettes that can be separated and planted separately.
The best-known example of a Kindel propagation is probably the breeding leaf. The succulent plant forms countless finished young plants on the edges of the leaves
Special cases of succulent propagation
Of course, there are also special cases among succulents that can also be propagated in other ways. Living stones (lithops), for example, can be divided during their growing season, which in the case of idiosyncratic plants means that the entire body is divided into several pieces. Sprouting Mammillaria species can be propagated using wart cuttings, which the plants develop in large numbers. They are further cultivated in a similar way to seedlings.
As soon as the succulents are well rooted and begin to sprout, they are pricked into their own pots and cultivated as usual: the propagation was successful!