If you want a new dragon tree, you can simply multiply the easy-care houseplant yourself. We present the best methods of propagation.
Even beginners can reproduce a dragon tree without any problems. The houseplants with their bushy tufts of leaves are not only valued for their striking appearance: the green plants are also particularly frugal and easy to cultivate. Instead of buying new plants, you can successfully propagate the popular dragon trees yourself – with the right method.
Propagating the dragon tree: the most important points in brief
The easiest way to propagate dragon trees is by cuttings, using both head cuttings and trunk cuttings. For rooting, the shoot pieces are either placed in a glass with water or in a pot with moist, nutrient-poor soil. In a warm, bright place they should develop their own roots after a few weeks. Sowing is also possible in the Canary Islands dragon tree, but it is usually very tedious.
How do you propagate a dragon tree from cuttings?
Most types and varieties of the dragon tree can be propagated using cuttings or offshoots. Basically, the cuttings can be cut all year round. It is highly recommended in spring or summer: Many people then cut their dragon tree anyway and clippings are automatically generated. In addition, the warm, bright days promote the rooting of the shoots. But cuttings can also be propagated in winter – it just takes a little longer.
It is best to cut the cuttings off your dragon tree with a clean, sharp knife
As far as the plant parts are concerned, you can use both head cuttings and trunk cuttings from the dragon tree for propagation. Cut the shoots at any height – it has proven useful to use cuttings between 10 and 30 centimeters in length.
To avoid bruising, it is essential to use sharp secateurs or a sharp knife to cut the cuttings. In addition, the cut should be carried out as horizontally as possible. If there are any, remove the lower leaves from the cuttings – they will quickly rot on contact with water or soil.
And important: Make a note of it or mark exactly where is down and where is up. Because new roots only form at the lower end of the cuttings – according to the original direction of growth. If necessary, close the wound on the plant with some tree wax and let the freshly cut shoot pieces dry for about a day.
Method 1: root cuttings in water
In a glass with water, the cuttings from the dragon tree take root within a few weeks
What is particularly practical with the dragon tree is that the cuttings root in water without any problems. Fill a vessel with lukewarm water and place the shoot pieces in the correct direction of growth. Place the vessel in a bright, warm place out of direct sunlight.
The water should be changed about every two to three days. As soon as the first roots have formed – this is usually the case after three to four weeks, the shoot pieces can be planted vertically in pots. However, do not wait too long before moving to earth and proceed cautiously: Otherwise, many plants will quickly suffer a shock.
Method 2: root cuttings in soil
Water the freshly planted cuttings from the dragon tree well
Alternatively, you can put the cuttings in pots with moist, nutrient-poor potting soil and place them in a bright, warm place. For rooting, the shoot pieces need a soil temperature of at least 25 degrees Celsius and high humidity.
You can ensure this by covering the cuttings with a plastic bag immediately after moistening the soil. A mini greenhouse with a transparent hood is also suitable. However, to ventilate the cuttings and prevent mold formation, you should remove the hood briefly every one or two days.
Also make sure that the soil always remains well moist. New shoots should appear after three to four weeks – the rooting of the cuttings has been successful. You can remove the foil bag and move the plants into larger pots with potting soil. Several young plants can be moved into one pot as a group.
You can plant the rooted young plants either individually or in groups in pots
How do you propagate a dragon tree by sowing?
The Canary Islands dragon tree (Dracaena draco) can in principle also be propagated by sowing, but this is usually dependent on imported seeds. If the seeds are freshly harvested, they should germinate without any problems.
With older seeds, however, germination takes place very irregularly and can even take several months. Sowing in spring is recommended. At a temperature of around 25 degrees Celsius in evenly moist potting soil, the seeds should germinate after around three to four weeks. Make sure that there is a high level of humidity with a cover that you regularly lift to ventilate.